General Information About Algeria Before Your Tour

Hippo Regius in Algiera

Your travels in Algeria are sure to be unforgettable. The sights, sounds, and even the smells can be beautiful, enchanting, strange… or a mixture of it all!  The following is some general information about Algeria that we hope will enhance the overall experience of your time in Algeria.

About Algeria

Algeria is the largest country in Africa and among the world leaders in producing and exporting oil and natural gas. The country offers tourists a combination of beautiful coastlines, picturesque mountains, and unique desert landscapes. Algeria is considered one of the most developed and rich countries on the continent.

Where is Algeria?

Algeria is located in the northwestern part of Africa. It occupies an area of 2.381.471 square kilometers. The country borders Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger, Libya, and Tunisia. To the North is the Mediterranean Sea.

Hippo Regius, ancient port on the coast of North Africa
Hippo Regius, ancient port on the coast of North Africa

Population in Algeria

Algeria has a population of 33.000.000 people nearly all of whom are Muslims. Christians and Jewish people make about 1%. For the most part, the inhabitants of Algeria were Berbers and Arabs. Large cities are located in the northern coastal areas and in the south there is a vast desert area with villages and towns. The largest cities are: Algiers (3.500.000 people), Oran (over 2.000.000 people), Constantine (about 800.000 people) and Annaba (almost 400.000 people).

Oran, Algeria
Oran, Algeria

General Information About Algeria

Here are some general information about Algeria that might be helpful:

  • The official languages of Algeria are Arabic and French
  • The official currency is the Algerian Dinar
  • The political structure is Republic
  • Algeria is a former French colony that gained independence in 1962
  • Independence day is November 1st

Want to Visit Algeria on a Private Tour?

If you are interested in visiting beautiful Algeria, our travel experts are happy to assist you to plan an unforgettable Algeria tour.

About the author

Kevin Dyck is the founder of Mosaic North Africa and has over 11 years experience living in North African countries. He is an Arabic speaker with a passion for travelers to encounter the diverse cultures and natural beauty found throughout the North Africa region. He currently lives in and works for MNA from Tunis, Tunisia.

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